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Stingray City At Grand Cayman

One of the most famous natural attractions in Grand Cayman Island is Stingray City. This is an area in the ocean not far from the northern tip of Grand Cayman where tourists can get up close to hundreds of friendly stingrays. Stingray City will be one of the organized tours from cruise ships visiting Grand Cayman as a port of call. There will also be tours available from local operators in the town of Georgetown where the cruise ships dock and bring passengers into town via tender boats. The cruise organized tours will almost always be the more expensive option.Scuba divers can book specialized dives at Stingray City through one of the many diver operators in Grand Cayman. The scuba diving at Stingray City is at a deeper section away from the tourist crowds who are usually brought to a very shallow area where one could even stand in waist deep water. Certified scuba divers and even snorkellers are recommended to take the dive trip option with the dive shops to experience Stingray City with fewer crowds. For non-divers, the sandbars here are high enough to offer such shallow waters and stingrays will come to these areas. It is believed that many years ago, sailors visiting the area threw fish remains overboard and soon noticed the stingrays coming for the free food. These particular stingrays became conditioned over the years to the

humans and the food handouts unlike stingrays elsewhere in the Caribbean.The stingrays here are friendly enough that people could touch them and local guides have been known to even hold them. The guides will warn everyone that even though these stingrays appear to be quite friendly, they should still be regarded as wild animals so it is never recommended to touch them by their razor sharp tails or abuse them in any manner. It is possible to feed them with the squid parts provided on site. The mouths of the stingrays are located underneath their bodies and people are instructed to hold the food in their palms flat facing up. With their keen sense of smell, the stingrays will hover towards and over the food to collect their snacks.Although Stingray City can be crowded at times due to its popularity, it does offer a very unique experience to see these wonderful sea creatures up close. Stingrays are usually very shy animals and will swim away from scuba divers and snorkellers but not here at Stingray City in Grand Cayman.

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Lima’s Lord of Miracles

Imagine a dark-skinned Christ, painted on a wall by an Angolan slave during the Spanish Viceroyalty. Imagine a wooden platform covered with silver and gold, weighting over a ton. Imagine a procession of hundreds of thousands of devotees, all dressed in purple habits. If you can, you’ve probably been in Lima during October, the mystical month. That’s when the city’s patron, the Señor de los Milagros -or Lord of Miracles-, is celebrated. The largest procession in the whole South America, it congregates devotees from all over the country.The origins of the Lord of Miracles date back to the mid XVII century (probably between 1650 and 1651), during the Spanish Viceroyalty. An anonymous Angolan slave painted a dark-skinned Christ on the wall of a humble plot in the Pachacamilla ranch, near Lima. At the time a non-white Christ was considered heretic, but notwithstanding the furious attempts by the Spanish ecclesiastical hierarchy to erase it, the image resisted. The devotion for the image boosted in 1655, when a massive earthquake demolished every building in the proximities, but not that wall.During the whole month of October, known as the mes morado -or purple month, due to the Patron’s colours- minor observations are celebrated. The main event though, a colossal procession, is reserved for the 18th. Hundreds of thousands of devotees, wearing their purple habits, sing and pray while accompanying the image on its 24-hour route from the Nazarenas temple to La Merced church, in the historic yet weary Barrios Altos district.The wooden portable platform that holds the image is completely covered with silver and gold, and weights more than a ton. It is carried out on shoulders by groups of loaders, organized in cuadrillas (teams) according to shoulder size and height. Nowadays there are 20 cuadrillas, such as the “Pachacamilla Christ Brotherhood” or the “Loaders of the Canopy”. During the first procession, some 300 years ago, only eight loaders were needed to hold the platform; today, more than thirty strong men are needed.Traditional sweets and food can be purchased from vendors along the path of the procession, in particular the Turrón de Doña Pepa, a soft nougat candy made almost only during October.Bullfighting SeasonDuring October and November, the Señor de los Milagros bullfighting season takes place in Lima’s Plaza de Acho (1768), one of the oldest bullrings in the Americas. Known as the Feria Taurina del Señor de los Milagros, it gathers the most prestigious bullfighters of America and Spain, who compete for the Escapulario de Oro (golden scapular).This year the traditional bullfighting season celebrates its 60th anniversary, and celebrates it with eight dates: four bullfights, one rejoneo (bullfights from horse-back), two novilladas (bullfights with young bulls), and a gala festival. Some 10 renowned matadors will participate, including Julián López “El Juli”, Enrique Ponce, Luis Francisco Esplá, and Finito de Córdoba.

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Rajasthan Tours and Travel

Rajasthan is colourful, vibrant, incredibly attractive & simply irresistible. The magic of Rajasthan is unparallel in the world for its heritage, culture, safaris, sand dunes and lush green forests with its wildlife. Rajasthan is also known for the fine handicraft, jewelry and textiles produced by skilled traditional craftsmen. The main attractions of Rajasthan’s wildlife are –the majestic elephant, the dance of the peacock, the camel stride, the roar of the tiger etc. Besides camel safaris across the Thar Desert, listening to the folk music and enjoying folk dances in the nights are an experience that you can never forget. And the major attraction of Rajasthan is its elegant forts and palaces.There is simply no better way to see Rajasthan than by rail. Each destination is conveniently connected with the other, there are overnighters as well as day trains, and because these are not busy, commercial routes, there is little chance of being delayed. The railways bring back the romance of travel, allowing you to experience the people who actually make up the land. A railway journey is no sterile account of a voyage undertaken devoid of the living colours and sounds and tastes in an enchanted land because it places the visitors firmly in touch with his environment.The forts of rajasthan showcases close association between the men and their close possessions.They are built over the hilltops, in the middle of enormous deserts, and inside the wild world in Rajasthan. Many of these while look rugged and rough from their exteriors; the interiors take you to an altogether different world. Surprises are the second name of these architectural marvels spread throughout the land of Rajasthan.If you want to explore Rajasthan you can visit the following site http://www.rajasthan-travel-tour.com

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Travel to Italy – Rome and Venice

Where does one begin to start when discussing Italy. Well, if you intend to travel there, Rome and Venice are good places to start.RomePerhaps you’ve heard of it? It goes without saying that Rome has a rather prominent past. Lets see, in Rome you will find…[deep breath]…the Vatican, Coliseum, Pantheon, Piazza Navona, Church of Saint Agnese, Trevi Fountain, Spanish Steps and a guy name Allassandro. Just making sure you’re paying attention. Indeed, Rome is filthy with historically significant attractions. It seems you can’t turn around without bumping into something an Emperor built, captured or destroyed. For those willing to risk potential wrath, there are also the new Divinci Code tours, which take you to the locations found in the book.In all serious, Rome is a city you should visit at least once in your life. No article could ever do it justice, so I’ll just stop here.VeniceI fondly refer to Venice as the floating city even though it is apparently sinking. If you’ve seen Venice is movies or televisions shows, the depictions are accurate. Piazza San Marco looks exactly the same, birds and all. The Grande Canal is, well, a grand canal with incredible houses lining it and boats putting up down this water way. Built on mudflats in a lagoon, the city doesn’t really have much room to grow. It just seems paralyzed in time.Once you’ve conquered the tourist attractions, it will be time to get serious about Venice. The best way to do this is stand in front of your hotel or hostel, determine which direction the tourist attractions lie and start walking in the opposite direction. While you may feel like you’re driving the wrong way on a freeway for a few minutes, you’ll eventually start getting into real Venice.An entirely different side of Venice will appear and you’ll love it. You’ll find little cafes with locals happy to talk to you [and non-tourist prices]. In fact, the Venetians will tend to hold you in high regard since you’re a tourist who is bypassing the tourist areas. This, of course, will logically lead to a whirl of introductions to this nephew, that son of a brother and so on. Next thing you know, you’ll be complaining about Italian politicians and how things used to be better in the past.While Rome and Venice are excellent travel destinations, you can’t really go wrong in Italy. For the adventurous, set your itinerary with the old map on a wall and dart technique.

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Desiring an Unforgettable Vacation in Puerto Del Carmen?

On this exotic island there are four main tourist resorts, the biggest and busiest is Puerto Del Carmen.” Now, you may be wondering where you can learn more about this magnificent tropical paradise and how to get there. Well, you will be glad to know that there is a website devoted to everything you will need to prepare for your awesome vacation in Lanzarote; and that website is Lanzarote Tourist – Puerto Del Carmen.Lanzarote Tourist – Puerto Del Carmen website offers you reviews on hotels, apartments, bars, restaurants, and trips from other tourists and locals that frequent these areas. With all this information already compiled in one location you will be able to plan your entire vacation and not miss out on any of the wonderful attractions, best hotel accommodations, and many other areas of interest while you are visiting Puerto Del Carmen or other resorts on the island of Lanzarote.Not only will you find reviews but you will be amazed at the wealth of information that is compiled for you to explore before taking your trip. You can actually see photos of Puerto Del Carmen, learn about the history that surrounds Lanzarote, find all the weather info, learn about cheap flights and travel insurance, and even car hire companies.Lanzarote Tourist – Puerto Del Carmen has made it simple for you to find all the answers you need through their FAQ’s where they have answered all the most frequently asked questions they have received and also learn more through their forum. Here you will be able to join in and ask questions, become a part of the community and make new friends.No matter what your reason for seeking information about Lanzarote whether for vacation or for relocation, you will be able to discover all your answers at http://www.lanzarotetourist-puertodelcarmen.com/.

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Kerala Tours

Kerala is decorated by its eye-soothing green jungles, rolling hills, mind-blowing beaches, tea gardens and of course its magical backwaters. The amazing backwaters of Kerala have become an integral part of its people .It has given the visitors the opportunity to see the rural and real life in the heart of Kerala. The backwaters of kerala stretch over 1900 kms, providing, drinking water and irrigating paddy fields. The most interesting area in the backwaters of kerala is the Kuttanad region, called the rice bowl of Kerala. The area is probably the only place in the continent where farming is done below sea level, using a system of dykes and bunds.The ancient history of Kerala is shrouded in the mists of tradition. The most popular legend would have it that the land crust that forms the state was raised from the depths of the ocean by Parasurama, the Brahmin avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu and hence the sobriquet – “God’s own Country”. Thus during your tour to Kerala you get an opportunity to be a part of this culturally rich country.Today, Kerala is one of the best-known tour destinations in the world tourism map. From mind-blowing landscapes to infinite intriguing customs, high-intensity cultural life to the educated public, holidays and tour in Kerala is a unique experience in itself.To know more about kerala backwaters visit this site http://www.kerala-backwaters-tours.com

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General Coach

Damodar was standing at platform number two of Gwalior City station. He was patiently, or partly impatiently, waiting for a Delhi-bound train known as Punjab Mail. The platform was full of people – a mix of waiting passengers and beggars on job.Damodar arrived in Gwalior last week on account of his transfer from Delhi, where he continuously served for a span of 10 years. Subsequent to his transfer, he chose to stay at Gwalior and continued to live there alone, with weekly visits to his family in Delhi.The train arrived about 35 minutes late, though it was repeatedly announced that it would arrive at its scheduled time. Damodar planned to board in “general” coach for the sake of his wallet and since he had minimum luggage with him.He knew from experience that most trains had two general coach sections – one in the front, just behind the engine, and the other at the end. He chose to board the front coach. When the train stopped, he happily noted there was no crowd near the general coach. He comfortably entered the first coach, only to come face-to-face with a group of Army men sitting inside. One of them quickly inquired of him, “Are you an Army personnel?”

Damodar quickly replied, “No, but I am a government servant,” taking out his identity card and showing them hopefully. His reply created a buzz amongst the Army men until the same guy finally replied, “No, no…no government servant is allowed – only Army men are allowed in this coach. You have to get out.”He was helpless before them, attempting to argue his point at first to keep a spot on the first coach. Still, they insisted the coach was reserved strictly for Army personnel and weren’t interested in arguing, finally throwing him out of the coach. He sustained the fall with as much dignity as he could muster, then got up and gained momentum to reach the last coach. He regretted even trying to enter the front coach now.He worried as he took up a marathon run to reach the other coach, situated after a gap of 15 bogies. There was little time left before departure as he took the myriad hurdles ahead, such as carts, porters, vendors and other passengers.He reached the last coach in time, but this one was not as easy to embark. Both doors bulged with a multitude of passengers – most of them rural people with huge bales on top of their heads consisting of their entire household belongings, as well as small children dangling from their arms. Those children squirmed and wiggled, endeavoring to slip out of their parents’ grips. Meanwhile, the crowd pushed forward into the already overcrowded coach, disappointing him at the thought of such crowded quarters. Damodar finally managed to squeeze into the coach, purely because he had such little luggage.The train soon left the station, leaving behind many general coach passengers who didn’t have room to board. Damodar considered them lucky, as the state of the last coach inside was horrible. About 10 people occupied each bench usually meant for only four, and standing passengers insisted on moving and pushing themselves them to make more space. Small fights were erupting periodically from the packed conditions.One Army man slept stretched out on the upper berth. This irritated many people, but they were apprehensive to approach him to complain. Damodar, already fueled with anger, took initiative and shook the Army man, waking him up. He said to him hurriedly, “You can sit up instead of stretching, making some space for other people, too.” The Army man did not listen to him and remained stretched. The other passengers, now encouraged, joined in, collectively asking, “How can you sleep? This is not night time, this is day time”The Army man said impatiently, “I am an Army man and I’ve come from a long distance. I wish for you all not to disturb me.”

With equal irritation, Damodar shot back, “If you are an Army man, there is a separate coach for the Army men at the front of this train where civilians are thrown out.”The Army man could not argue further and unwillingly settled into a sitting position. Damodar quickly occupied the place. A young lady also followed him quickly, nobody else claiming the place as they apparently thought she was his wife. Still, in the other place left from the soldier’s moving, other standing passengers opted to fix their children.The young lady gratefully looked at Damodar as if she were thanking him for the creation of the vacancy. In the other sections of the coach, some fights were still continuing but seemed to be receding a bit. People were hopeful to occupy a sitting place once the train reached Agra station, where many people would get off. Many came into an agreement for replacing the passengers who would get down at Agra station.Damodar, on the other hand, was considering himself lucky to have gotten a place to sit and a beautiful companion squeezed in next to him. He thought it rude should he not speak to the beautiful lady, so he struck up a conversation. He found out that the lady, too, was heading for Delhi. They exchanged the names of the areas they lived, and she told him that her husband, too, was also a government servant. However, talk of her husband didn’t phase Damodar, as whenever the train shifted and they were squeezed together closer, his thoughts turned dirty.A popcorn vendor appeared after some time, leaping like a monkey because of the lack of walking space. Initially, no one was buying. The vendor became slightly desperate, as if he were calculating the losses in his mind. Damodar was, in fact, looking for something to buy solely to offer to the lady. Since this was the first vendor to appear in the coach, he ordered two bags of popcorn promptly. The vendor happily took out the two bags from the bulky haversack he had and politely handed them to Damodar. A buying atmosphere was triggered and soon many more orders were being made. The vendor’s politeness quickly disappeared, responding to incessant requests with harshness and orders to wait one’s turn. He was now the chief of a monopolistic commodity.Damodar offered one pouch of popcorn to the lady. Shyness appeared on her face as she refused at first, but Damodar knew how to offer. He repeated his endeavor and succeeded, finally handing her over the bag.The popcorn vendor jumped to the next compartment of the coach, openly thanking Damodar. The rest of the passengers realized that they were fools. Those who did not buy the popcorn were proud enough to not give into the peer pressure.Damodar was uncomfortable for some time. He wanted to go to the toilet, but dared not venture such a Herculean task in the crowd coach car. After some time, he gathered the courage and stood up to take the challenge. He used some cues he’d watched the vendors navigate, but still people did not like his movement. They angrily allowed him to proceed, though he was carefully jumping. He saw no sign of the toilet at first – only people and luggage and more people. It was more difficult to intrude now as luggage was piled up further down the coach’s aisle. Finally, someone – he did not know who – gave him a shove and he landed in front of the toilet door.Outside the toilet lay a huge heap of household bales. People crouched on top of the heap, eyeing him suspiciously. Damodar heard the boisterous sound of a pump stove and wondered to himself. When he peeped inside the toilet’s door, he saw two ladies cooking rice. Tea, already prepared, sat nearby, ready to serve their kin mounted on the heap of luggage. Another toilet was jammed with luggage. At this point, he lost all courage to go back to his seat. He swore to himself never to enter the general coach for the rest of his life.

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New York Vacation in the Big Apple

New York is the city that never sleeps and a top destination for those seeking a thrilling and excitement-filled vacation complete with culture and sophistication of the likes that can only be found in this great city.Once just a bustling seaport and the immigrant gateway into United States, the history of New York has not always been synonymous with class, culture and sophistication as it is today. In fact, New York was even referred to as a sewer by President Thomas Jefferson during his time in office. But the 19th Century, WW II and Wall Street changed the face and the reputation of the city for good.Today, New York is the most densely populated city in the United States and is home to people of varying culture and tastes. For this reason, New York is the perfect destination for those who want to experience a vacation getaway unlike any other. In New York you will never feel boxed into certain types of events or entertainment.Here you can plan your days according to whatever strikes your fancy, not by what the locals have to offer because in New York, the locals offer everything you can possible dream up. From the River Festival to Shakespeare in the Park, New York has something to offer everyone.And of course, there are the usual attractions that draw large crowds to New York City including the Statue of Liberty, Ground Zero and the Empire State Building. And there is no end to the options when it comes to aquariums and zoos, museums and art galleries, and parks and beautiful gardens. The bottom line is that if you can name it, New York has it on such a grand scale that you cannot even imagine.With more than 50 theaters and performing arts productions at any given time, New York is fairly bursting with culture. From classy productions to off-Broadway spoofs, New York theater has something that can be enjoyed by even the most fickle at heart.Here are just a few of the many more attractions to by found in New York City:Bronx Zoo. The Bronx Zoo is one of the largest zoos in North America and houses more than 4,000 animals in its 265 acre sprawl. Some of the state-of-the-art exhibits feature endangered species and unique habitats.From the Himalayan Highlands, which showcases endangered snow leopards and red pandas, to the award-winning Congo Gorilla Forest, the Bronx Zoo is truly an amazing experience for animal lovers of all ages. The Children’s Zoo even allows young ones to crawl, climb and explore simulated animal habitats.New York Botanical Gardens. The New York Botanical Gardens boasts of 48 breathtaking, organic gardens situated on a 250-acre historical site. Complete with the largest Victorian glasshouse in America and thousands of plant species, the botanical gardens is a must see for any visitor to New York.Children’s museums. Two children’s museums that stand out in both the New York metropolis and across the country are the Brooklyn Children’s Museum and the Children’s Museum of Manhattan.The Brooklyn museum features hands-on exhibits highlighting cultural and scientific objects from around the world. The Manhattan museum also features interactive exhibits and inspires children and families to learn about themselves and our culturally diverse world through the arts, literacy, media & communications, science & the environment and early childhood education.And these are just a few of the things you can see and do while in New York. For every one of these, there are hundreds of more options to keep your family entertained in the Big Apple. From fine arts and dining to watching the street performers downtown and everything in between, New York will provide you with memories and experiences to last a lifetime.

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Blackpool’s Basic Travel Guide

Blackpool is the most popular seaside resort in the United Kingdom, where around 4 million visitors come every year to have a good time. Blackpool is located on the North West coast of England and has a population of 150,000 people. Its attractions suit the most diverse requirements, offering activities for both young, party animals and tranquillity-loving families. It is also a popular attraction among gay and lesbian couples. Blackpool’s tourist history goes back to 1735 when the first guest house was opened.Here are a few Blackpool travel tips for you. You can get to Blackpool by train, as it has two railway stations – Blackpool South and Blackpool North, by plane, as it has its own airport (located 5 miles from the town centre and well connected to the resort by train, bus, rail and taxi services) or by road, as the M55 motorway is going through the heart of the town, linking Blackpool to the British motorway system.Blackpool’s main travel attractions are the Golden Mile, which is considered to the heart of the city, the Blackpool Pleasure Beach and the Blackpool Tower.The Golden Mile is the main shopping area; it has restaurants, cafes, arcades and the Tower. It is most famous mainly for its illuminations (also known as the world’s longest free show) which take place yearly between September and November when the 8 km of seaside promenade and the Blackpool Tower are lit with bright, beautiful lights.The Tower has been built in1894 and it represents a famous Victorian landmark. It is nowadays a huge entertainment centre with a huge ballroom and a circus.The Blackpool Pleasure Beach was opened in 1896. It is an amusement park that is offering a variety of rides for all tastes. Its main attractions are the 200 ft Big One roller coaster that is being known worldwide, three wooden roller coasters and several smaller theme roller coasters, entertainment shows featuring acrobats and dancers like the ‘Eclipse at the Globe’ show and the world’s biggest ride in the dark – the ‘Valhalla’. It also has rides suitable for children like a centrifugal rocket called ‘Flying Machines’ or the ‘Beaver Creek’ ride.The Blackpool Model Village is another place you should visit. It is a quieter attraction, located in Stanley Park. You can take a refreshing walk through this hand crafted model village and its beautiful gardens.If your Blackpool travel experience involves children, Louis Tussaud’s waxworks is a nice place for taking them out. The museum has 5 floors packed with lifelike models of famous people from around the world and it’s much cheaper than its London relative, Madame Toussauds.But if you are travelling to Blackpool with friends and you want to go out, you should know that there are many restaurants and pubs where you can have loads of fun.

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Tribals of Jharkhand, India

Introduction: Jharkhand is a newly created state in Indian and it was carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15th November 2000. The word “Jharkhand” is originated from original tribal language, which means land of Jungles. Jharkhand is considered as a rich state because of it minerals.History: Jharkhand is separated from Bihar in 2000 but the movement started in early 1900s and since then the demand of separate state was alive. The good tribal rulers rule the area and are known as the Munda Raja. Munda raja are still existing in this region. During the Mughal Empire, the Jharkhand region was known as “Kukara” region. This area came under British after 1765 and known as “Jharkhand”. For more historical information on tribals of Jharkhand, India, please visit [http://www.artilysis.com/]FLORA ADN FAUNA: Jharkhand state has a very rich variety of flora and fauna and the most famous is “Betla National Park” declared as “Project Tiger Reserves” in 1974. The Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary is very similar to Betla National Park of Palamu.One Zoological Garden is also located about 16 km from Ranchi.DEMOGRAPHICS AND TRIBALS: Jharkhand has a population of around 26.90 million, the sex ratio in Jharkhand is 941 females to 1000 males. The tribals population is around 28%.Jharkhand state has been a home to a variety of tribal communities since time. Jharkhand has 32 primitive tribal groups. These are Munda, santhal, Oraon , Gond, Kol, kanwar, Savar, Asur, Baiga, Banjara, Bathudi, Bedia, Binjhia, Birhor, Birjia, Chero, Chick-Baraik, Gorait, Ho, Karmali, Kharwar, Khond, Kisan, Kora, Korwa, Lohra, Mahli, Mal-Paharia, Parhaiya, Sauria-Paharia and Bhumij.TRIBAL FESTIVALS IN JHARKHAND:SARHUL: Sarhul is celebrated during spring season and the Shaal trees get new leaves. It is a worship of the village deity who is considered to be the protector of the tribes. People sing and dance a lot when the sprouting. The deities are worshipped with shaal flowers. These shaal flowers represents the brotherhood and friendship among villagers and Pahan the priest, distributes shaal flowers to every villager. Then the Prasad is distributed among villagers. The Prasad id a rice made wine called HandiaKARAM: This festival is a worship of KARAM devta, the god of power, youth and youthfulness.Karam festivals is held on the 11th day of the phases of moon in Bhadra month. The groups of young villagers go to jungle and collect wood, fruits and flowers. These are required during the Puja of KARAM God. During this entire period people sing and dance in groups. The entire valley seems to be dancing with the drumbeats. This is one of the rare example of such a vital and vibrant youth festival in Jharkhand’s Tribal area. At the same time, the unmarried young tribal girls celebrate the Jawa festival, which has its own kind of songs and dance. This is held mainly for the expectation of good fertility and better household. The unmarried girls decorate a small basket with germinating seeds. It is believed that the worship for good germination of the grains would increase the fertility. The girls offer green melons to the Karam deity as a symbol of ‘son’ which reveals the primitive expectation of human being, i.e grains and children. The entire tribal area of Jaharkhand becomes tipsy during this time.TUSU PARAB OR MAKAR: This festival is mostly seen in the area between Bundu, Tamar and Raidih area of jaharkhand. This belt has a great history during India’s independence movement. TUSU is a harvest festival held during the winter in the last day of Poush month. It is also for the unmarried girls. Girls decorate a wooden/ bamboo frame with coloured paper and then gift it to the nearby hilly river. Although there is no documented history available on this festival but it has huge collection of scintillating songs full of life and taste. These songs reflect the simplicity and innocence of tribal people.HAL PUNHYA: HAL PUNHYA is a festival which begins with the fall of winter. The first day of Magh month, known as “Akhain Jatra” or “Hal Punhya”, considered as the beginning of ploughing. The farmers, to symbolize this auspicious morning plough two and half circles of their agricultural land this day is also considered as the symbol of good fortune.BHAGTA PARAB: This festival comes between the period of spring and summer. Among the tribal people of Jharkhand this festival is best known as the worship of Budha Baba. People fast during the day and carry the bathing Pahan the priest, to the tribal mandir called Sarana Mandir. The Pahan sometimes called Laya, gets out of the pond, the devotees make a chain, locking their thighs with each other and come forward to offer their bare chest to Laya for walk over. After worship in the evening, devotees take part in dynamic and vigorous Chhau Dance wit lots of gymnastic actions and masks. The next day is full of primitive sports of bravery. The devotees pierce hooks on skin and get tied at one end of a long horizontal wooden pole, which is hanging on the top of a vertical Shal wood pole. The height goes up to 40 feet. The other end of the pole which is connected with a rope, pulled around the pole by the people and the tied devotee display the breath-taking dance in the sky. This festivals is more popular in the Tamar region of Jharkhand.ROHIN: This festival is perhaps the first festival of Jharkhand. It is a festival of sowing seeds in the field. Farmers starts sowing seeds from this day but there is no dance or song like other tribal festivals but just a few rituals. There are some other festivals like Rajsawala Ambavati and Chitgomha are also celebrated with Rohin.BANDNA: Bandana is one of the most famous festivals celebrated during the black moon of month of Kartik (Kartik Aamavashya). This festival is mainly for the animals. Tribals are very close with animals and pets. In this festival, people wash, clean, paint, decorate feed well and put ornaments to their cow and bulls. The song dedicated for this festival is called Ohira which is an acknowledgement for animal’s contribution in their day-to-day life. The belief behind this festival is animals are integral part of life and have souls as human being do. The most exciting day of the bandana week is the last day. Closured Bulls and buffalos are chained to a strong pole and they are attacked with a dry animal Hyde. The angry animals hit the dry skin with its horns and the crowd enjoys. Generally the colour used for decorating animals are natural colours and the is artwork is of folk type.For more traditional information on tribals of Jharkhand, India, please visit [http://www.artilysis.com/]TRIBAL ARTWORK FROM JHARKHAND:CHHOU MASK: CHHOU is a type of tribal dance done with colourful masks. The mask made of Paper mache’ in Singhbhum district of Jharkhand. Paper mache’ of Saraikela and Charinda are famous for Chhou dance. Some times it appears similar to the masks used in kerla in Kathakali.TRIBAL WOODWORK: JHARKHAND is full of good quality saal forest and hence wooden artwork in the should of Tribals of Jharkhand. The wood is used for cooking, housing, farming, fishing etc. The tribal artists of some villages have explored their creativity in art, like beautifully decorative door panels, toys, boxes, and other household articles.TRIBAL BAMBOO ARTWORK: The bamboo found in this area are different from bamboos of Southeastern Asia. There is tourist place Netarhat in jahrkhand which means a Bazaar of Bamboo. These bamboos are thin in shape and strong and flexible. The tribal people use bamboo for making baskets, hunting & fishing equipments. Specially the bamboo made Fishing cage is very attractive.TRIBAL POTTERY: Tribal Pottery is a part of tribals but still no specific working style observed.TRIBAL ORNAMENTS: Tribals like ornaments very much. They use metallic ornaments made of Gold, Silver, brass, copper for their earrings, nose ring, bracelets, bangles etc.GODNA: THE TRIBAL TATTOS: Tribals use ornaments a lots but the spiritual concept of ornament is very different. They believe that all ornaments are human made and are mortal. Therefore they invented tattoos as permanent ornament. Majority of tribal woman have tattoos called Godna, on their bodies. However, tribal man also use Godna.They believe that Godna are the only ornament which goes with them after death also.TRIBAL WEAPONS: Bow and arrow is the symbolic weapon of the tribals of this area. Apart from this they use iron made Axes and Doulies and Ghana (Big hammer).TRIBAL METALWORK: Most of the metal works are done for agricultural purpose, hunting and weapons. There are specific communities like Lohar, Malhar and Thentri have expertise in metal work.For more information on Original Tribals Art an Craftwork, please visit [http://www.artilysis.com/]Source of this article: The source if this article is [http://www.artilysis.com/], some parts of this website is under construction. Interested reader may contact the webmaster@artilysis.com for more literature on Tribal of Jharkhand, Tribal artwork, Tribal Culture and many more on tribals.